毕业后工签官方说明(英译中)

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Who can apply for a post-graduation work permit? 请毕业后工的要求

Toget a post-graduation work permit, you must:

您必须满足下面条件:

  • be 18 or older when you apply
  • 申请时年满18岁
  • have     continuously studied full-time in Canada in a study     program at least eight months long
  • 已经在加拿大8个月及以上的全日制学习课程持续的学习
  • have a     document from your school (transcript, official letter, certificate, etc.)     that confirms you completed and passed all your program requirements
  • 毕业证明文件(成绩单、官方信函、证书等)确认您已经完成学习并通过了课程要求
  • have     graduated from a: 毕业于
    • public post-secondary school, such as a college, trade/technical school or      university, or CEGEP in Quebec or
    • 公立大专以上学校包括专科学院、技术学校、大学以及魁省的CEGEP
    • private  post-secondary school that operates under the same rules as public schools (currently applies only to certain private post-secondary institutions in Quebec) or
    • 如果在私立大专以上学校,该私立学校应该和公立学校的运作规则一致(目前只针对魁省一些私立学校)
    • private secondary or post-secondary school (in Quebec) that offers qualifying programs of 900 hours or longer, leading to a diplôme d’études professionnelles (DEP)   or an attestation de spécialisation professionnelle (ASP) or
    • 魁省私立的高中或大专学校,提供900学时或更长的课程,学习后获得DEP或ASP的职业专业证明
    • Canadian private school that can legally award degrees under provincial law (for      example, Bachelors, Masters or Doctorate degree) but only if you are enrolled in a study programs leading to a degree as authorized by the  province
    • 加拿大私立学校可以按照省法律授予学位的(学士、士或博士
  • apply for a work permit within 90 days of when it was confirmed that you completed your program and
  • 在毕业后90天内申请,并且
  • have a  valid study permit when you apply for the work permit.
  • 申请工签时持有效的学习许可

You aren’t eligible to apply for a PGWP if you:

下列情况您无资格申请毕业后工签

  • studied     in a program that was less than eight months long
  • 学习课程时间少于8个月
  • studied  for more than eight months but not continuously (for example, you took a     semester off)
  • 虽然学习时间长于8个月但是并非持续学习(例如中间请假一学期)
  • took part in a Canadian Commonwealth Scholarship Program funded by Global     Affairs Canada (GAC)
  • 参与了加拿大联邦奖学金(GAC)项目
  • took     part in a Government of Canada Awards Program funded by GAC
  • 参与了GAC资助的加拿大政府奖学金项目
  • had funding from GAC
  • 从GAC获得资助
  • took part in the Equal Opportunity Scholarship, Canada-Chile
  • 参与了加拿大-智利政府间“平等机会奖学金”
  • took   part in the Canada-China Scholars Exchanges Program
  • 参与了加拿大-中国学术交流项目
  • took  part in the Organization of American States Fellowships Program
  • 参与了美洲国家组织奖学金项目
  • completed   a study program by distance learning either from abroad or from within     Canada or
  • 在加拿大或海外以远程学习的方式完成了学习课程
  • already  had a post-graduation work permit following any other program of study.
  • 曾经通过任何其他学习课程取得过毕业后工签

曼省快速通道EE

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1. 生效时间:2018年1月

2. 类别:被放在海外技术工人的类别下(Skilled Workers Overseas)

3. 目标人群:拥有高级人力资本,(a)与曼省紧缺职业相关的技术、培训及工作经验【注意:不要求曼省省内的】;(b)在曼省有较强的家庭关联【亲友担保;或者在某个省提名项目上收到邀请申请LAA】

4. 2018年1月面向具有2个条件的人开放,(a)符合曼省技术移民任意其他一个渠道的条件【见后文分析】;(b)符合联邦EE的条件且已经在联邦EE的池子里供挑选。

5. 最低要求:

1)    联邦EE:已经在联邦EE的池子里;能提供有效的EE身份编号;有求职人确认代码(Jobseeker validation code)

2)    工作经验:至少6个月的工作经验,该工作能在曼省紧缺职业列表里找到

3)    语言:NOC 0或A的要求,CLB7;NOC B的要求:CLB6

4)    教育背景:大专以上学历

5)    年龄:满18周岁

6)    适应性:有能力并有明确意愿定居曼省;且具备下面两个条件之一:(a)亲戚或朋友在曼省居住1年以上,且提供担保;(b)在任意另外一个曼省技术移民通道下获得了曼省的邀请申请(LAA)

6. 有一定的前期安家资金(6个月) 。

在联邦EE池子里这个条件容易理解,下面着重分析申请人可以通过哪些曼省技术移民渠道获得邀请申请LAA:

曼省省提名除了投资移民和曼省EE以外,有如下4个渠道(通道);如果在这4个通道里的任何1个通道获得了邀请申请LAA,那么,就满足了上面的4(a)的条件;如果在联邦的EE池子里已经等待捞人,那么就满足了4(b)的条件。

1. International Education Stream(IES)下面的Career Employment Pathway

2. Skilled Worker in Manitoba Stream (SWM)下面有两个通道:Manitoba WorkExperience Pathway;Employment Direct Recruitment Pathway

3. Skilled Worker Overseas Stream(SWO)下面的Human Capital Pathway

下面逐个通道分析一下要求具备的条件:

1. IES:

(a) STEM: 过去3年从曼省的STEM【科技、工程与数学】专业硕士或博士毕业;语言CLB7;在曼省工业或研究企业完成实习,则申请IES渠道时不需要有雇佣信。申请时需人在曼省。

(b) 过去3年从指定学习机构(大专以上)毕业;或从指定学习机构完成了某桥接培训课程,并完成了行业监管机构的初步认证;语言CLB7;需要雇佣信,合同期至少1年;工作为紧缺职业;且培训和工作要相关联。

2. SWM

(a) Manitoba Work Experience Pathway: (a1)曼省毕业国际学生且工作为紧缺职业,已在曼省工作6个月(学习的专业和工作不要求关联);(a2) 曼省毕业的国际学生,工作为非紧缺职业,已在曼省工作12个月;(a3) 外省毕业的国际学术且工作为紧缺职业,已在曼省工作12个月(专业和工作不要求关联);(a4)持工签,工作为紧缺职业,已在曼省工作12个月;语言要求为CLB4(NOC C/D)或5(NOC 0/A/B);

(b) Employer Direct Recruitment Pathway: 曼省政府及符合条件的雇主在加拿大以外直接面试且收到申请邀请LAA的申请人。

3. SWO下面的Human Capital Pathway:

申请这个通道的时候会要求申报相关的工作经验,该工作为曼省紧缺职业,工作为全职且经验至少为6个月;语言:CLB5 (NOC0/A/B);如果为强制性专业,要求CLB6;如果为受监管行业,要去CLB7。教育:1年以上大专;另外:(a)已在曼省居住1年以上的近亲属担保;(b)过去5年在曼省大专以上毕业;(c)过去5年曾在曼省工作过;(d)曼省某省提名项目申请邀请LAA。

为什么在某个通道已经拿到LAA还要走这个EE通道呢?严格来说,EE通道不算一个独立的通道。某种程度讲,EE应该算是任意1个其他通道的快速通道。查询当前(2017年年底)联邦的案件处理速度可以看到,省提名非EE项目的处理时间为18个月;而省提名EE项目的处理时间为6个月。

Another reason for immigration to Canada?

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Recently a piece of news regarding the admission of international students by Tsinghua University in China is being rapidly spread in WeChat Moments among Chinese people. The news claimed that a student holding Canadian PR status can be admitted to Tsinghua University without admission test. The news teased that in addition to pursuing fresh air and clean water, now the Chinese people has another reason to immigrate to Canada, attending the top University with a much lower threshold.

http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/wvvI7CHzJ42GucaF7pOvlQ

A major news website in China, Sohu reported that a student holding Canadian PR card can be admitted by Tsinghua at a score lower than regular by 137 points.

https://www.sohu.com/a/152614045_783365.

MCVisa did a research and found out that the discrepancy is being enlarged during the spreading of the news. Tsinghua University published the news in October 2016, and there is nothing mentioned about 137 points lower than regularly required. It was mentioned only that even if there is no admission test is required for international students, the selection criteria can be more strict.

http://news.tsinghua.edu.cn/publish/thunews/9649/2016/20161002194820699167077/20161002194820699167077_.html?winzoom=1

Canada is a great country for immigration

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There are many great countries for immigration. For the last 2 centuries, the United States has been the best choice for nearly all the immigrants. However, things change rapidly. Today, Canada becomes even more attractive than the US.

It is not because of Donald Trump, who just made the situation worse. For Asian (including mid-East) people, the discrimination is much conspicuous than in Canada. A high school student originated from Asia can easily find himself/herself isolated. This situation is not getting better when they finished schools or colleges and go to work. This situation is best reflected in the novel by Celeste Ng, Everything I Never Told You. For Asia people to get involved or “mixed” in the society, it takes fortune. In contrast, Canada is a much more friendly country.

The economy of Canada has always been very stable, not strong, but not weak at any time, because of the abundance of natural resources.

When is the best time to come to study in Canada

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Some parents choose to send children to study in Canada as international students because the hardship is much less than in some Asian countries such as China and Korea.

Suggestion is to plan early. Do not wait until the child is in Grade 12. This is especially true for kids in China and Korea, where the mother tongue is not English. If kids are here in Canada in Grade 8 or 9, usually it takes about 6 months for them to be adapt to the class. However, if they come at grade 10 or even 11, it is usually better that they take some English preparation in their mother country. For example, to get 6.5 in each subjects of IELTS.